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      FA Cup 1923
      Grandes jogos

      Bolton x West Ham: A final do Cavalo Branco

      Texto por João Pedro Silveira
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      E0

      A final da Taça de Inglaterra de 1923 é uma das mais famosas finais de sempre da Taça de Inglaterra. Disputada no dia 28 de abril de 1923 no antigo Estádio de Wembley, em Londres, pelas equipas do Bolton Wanderers e do West Ham United, entrou para a história como a «Final do Cavalo do Branco».

      Foi a primeira partida a ser disputada no mítico Estádio de Wembley, presenciada pelo próprio Rei Jorge V. A final foi precedida por momentos de puro caos e pânico, quando uma multidão imensa - que excedia completamente a capacidade do Estádio estimada em 125 mil pessoas -, começou a acumular-se em redor da área de jogo e, em alguns casos, já mesmo dentro das grandes áreas. 

      A polícia procurou controlar a situação e colocar a multidão ordenada, ainda que em vão, com os vários agentes a serem engolidos. Apenas um, montado num garboso cavalo branco de seu nome Billie, conseguiu guiar a turba para fora das quatro linhas. A imagem do cavalo branco, rodeado de um mar de gente, tornou-se icónica no futebol.

      O jogo começaria com 45 minutos de atraso, com a moldura humana literalmente a cercar as quatro linhas, ao ponto de ser preciso abrir espaço para os jogadores marcarem cantos ou efetuarem os lançamentos de linha lateral. 

      Apesar do começo empolgado do West Ham, o Bolton, que era então uma das forças dominantes do futebol britânico, fez valer os seus galões, vencendo por 2x0, naquela que seria a primeira das quatro FA Cups do seu palmarés. Um golo aos dois minutos lançou o jogo e o West Ham, que atacou durante grande parte do primeiro tempo, acabaria batido por um golo polémico, já no segundo tempo.

      O pós-jogo continuaria polémico, com a discussão relativamente à segurança nos estádios ingleses a chegar à Casa dos Comuns, dividindo a câmara com acaloradas discussões.

      Quase cem anos depois, quando o novo Wembley foi construído, a «Final do Cavalo Branco» não foi esquecida, com uma ponte de acesso ao estádio a receber o nome de «White Horse Bridge» (em português a «Ponte do Cavalo Branco»).

      The final was preceded by chaotic scenes as vast crowds surged into the stadium, far exceeding its official capacity of approximately 125,000. A crowd estimated at up to 300,000 gained entrance and the terraces overflowed, with the result that spectators found their way into the area around the pitch and even onto the playing area itself. Mounted policemen, including one on a light-coloured horse which became the defining image of the day, had to be brought in to clear the crowds from the pitch to allow the match to take place. The match began 45 minutes late as crowds stood around the perimeter of the pitch. Although West Ham started strongly, Bolton proved the dominant team for most of the match and won 2–0. David Jack scored a goal two minutes after the start of the match and Jack Smith added a controversial second goal during the second half. The pre-match events prompted discussion in the House of Commons and led to the introduction of a number of safety measures for future finals. The match is often referred to as the "White Horse Final" and is commemorated by the White Horse Bridge at the new Wembley Stadium.The 1923 FA Cup Final was a football match between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United on 28 April 1923 at the original Wembley Stadium in London. The showpiece match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup (better known as the FA Cup), it was the first football match to be played at Wembley Stadium. King George V was in attendance to present the trophy to the winning team.
      Each team had progressed through five rounds to reach the final. Bolton Wanderers won 1–0 in every round from the third onwards, and David Jack scored the lone goal each time. West Ham United faced opposition from the Second Division or lower in each round, the first time this had occurred since the introduction of multiple divisions in the Football League. West Ham took three attempts to defeat Southampton in the fourth round but then easily defeated Derby County in the semi-final, scoring five goals.
      The final was preceded by chaotic scenes as vast crowds surged into the stadium, far exceeding its official capacity of approximately 125,000. A crowd estimated at up to 300,000 gained entrance and the terraces overflowed, with the result that spectators found their way into the area around the pitch and even onto the playing area itself. Mounted policemen, including one on a light-coloured horse which became the defining image of the day, had to be brought in to clear the crowds from the pitch to allow the match to take place. The match began 45 minutes late as crowds stood around the perimeter of the pitch. Although West Ham started strongly, Bolton proved the dominant team for most of the match and won 2–0. David Jack scored a goal two minutes after the start of the match and Jack Smith added a controversial second goal during the second half. The pre-match events prompted discussion in the House of Commons and led to the introduction of a number of safety measures for future finals. The match is often referred to as the "White Horse Final" and is commemorated by the White Horse Bridge at the new Wembley Stadium.
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      jogos históricos
      U Sábado, 28 Abril 1923 - 00:00
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      Estádio
      Wembley Stadium
      Wembley Stadium
      Inglaterra
      Wembley, London
      Lotação127000
      Medidas-
      Inauguração1923
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